Marian Devotion

Prison Break

Mullioned windows along the nave provide brilliant illumination, into the side aisles where we see, in the following photograph, a chapel devoted to a Marian Apparition.

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The framed image is the appearance of the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus Christ, appearing to six native children. The event, called a Marian Apparition, does not correspond to any such event I am aware of. Nor did one come up in my researches. The most famous appearance of Mary in the Americas if the Virgin of Guadalupe who appeared to a man, a recent convert to Catholicism from the Aztec religion, Saint Juan Diego, and is Uncle,  Juan Bernardino, in the year 1531, Mexico. I provided a list of Marian Apparations under references.

The left aisle hosts another Marian chapel, a Madonna.

The most accessible Marian Devotion is the rosary, here in the form of crystal beads.

Instead of an arch, the central aisle is a flat roof with some additional support from wood beams. We will explore the side aisles in later posts.

Click me for the first post of this series.

References

Websites

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works World Heritage page

List of Marian Apparitions

Copyright 2020 Michael Stephen Wills All Rights Reserved

Iglesia

Prison Break

Iglesia, from the Ancient Greek ἐκκλησία (ekklēsía, “assembly”) by way of Latin, is the Spanish language word for church, announced on this charming hand lettered sign. This church served the needs of up to the 5,000 souls of Humberstone.

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Unlike other places, this church was build for the mine owners to serve the needs of workers, to make it unnecessary to leave the settlement to attend services.

Made from the simplest materials, this cross of the church facade is three pieces of 2 x 6 lumber.

Here is our tour guide, a resident of Iquique in front of the alter, with an elaborate crucifix

Instead of an arch, the central aisle is a flat roof with some additional support from wood beams. We will explore the side aisles in later posts.

References

Websites

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works World Heritage page

The Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works site (Chile), removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger/

Copyright 2020 Michael Stephen Wills All Rights Reserved

Rolling Stock

No Roads Crossed

What happens when a railroad engine runs out of track?

It stands still. In the case of the following photograph, a urban trolley car is moved to the open air museum of Humberstone. The stenciled words, “F.C. de Iquiqud – P. Hundido” translate to Iquique Railroad, Hundido Park. “Hundido” means “sunken” in the Spanish language. There is no such park in Iquique today. Mexico City has a Parque Hundido, an elaborate garden park.

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Almost certainly a steam locomotive for transporting saltpeter.

References

Websites

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works World Heritage page

The Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works site (Chile), removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger/

Copyright 2020 Michael Stephen Wills All Rights Reserved

Not What It Seems

Prison Break

Touches of humanity soften the hard edges of Humberstone.

From a carefully hand-lettered sign….

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….to rebar (short for “reinforcing bar” — used to increase the tensile strength of concrete walls) repurposed for security….certainly from after the 1960 abandonment of the site, to deter looters.

A mysterious message, barely holding on. “Coopere con el, aseo” — can be translated as Keeping clean together — we could re-purpose this sign for COVID-19. The bench in background is slanted in the opposite direction.

Someone has a sense of humor: this was a door to the drill bit room, repurposed as a prison, complete with a ball and chain. In the background, a father photographing is wife and child.

References

Websites

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works World Heritage page

The Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works site (Chile), removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger/

Copyright 2020 Michael Stephen Wills All Rights Reserved

Apposite Abstraction

oxymoron

As I write this post we remember is September 11, 2001, the 19th anniversary of the attack on the USA, the loss of the World Trade Center towers, 2,977 deaths, more than 25,000 injuries. The greatest loss of life, in a single event, of firefighters and police (343 and 72).

This morning a 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the Atacama desert. The photograph is a possible effect of the April Fool’s Day, 2014, 8.4 magnitude earthquake that rocked the desert, further damaging infrastructure throughout the region. The earthquakes are one reason Humberstone was (is?) on the list of endangered World Heritage Sites.

Click any photograph for a larger view and use Ctrl-x to zoom in closer.

References

Websites

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works World Heritage page

The Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works site (Chile), removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger/

Copyright 2020 Michael Stephen Wills All Rights Reserved

So Little Time

All In An Hour

Eighty eight years from founding to abandonment, beginning as “La Palma” works of the “Peru Nitrate Company,” and, from the time stamps of my photographic files, we had a little over sixty (60) minutes to explore them.

This meant displays such as “Tool Hall: Pampa Men’s Engineering and Effort” were passed by….

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Here is a forerunner of the colorful ribbon on the generic black suitcase, a mark as much for ownership as for identification. In this case ultimately abandoned or lost.

The wheel tipped the load…..

Distant hills can be alluring, as these were not.

Click Me for the first post in this series, “Iquique by Sea I.”

References

Websites

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works World Heritage page

The Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works site (Chile), removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger/

Copyright 2020 Michael Stephen Wills All Rights Reserved

So much depends…

note the small splash of red

…/ upon / a red wheel / barrow / glazed with rain / water / beside the white / chickens ~William Carlos Williams

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Click me for the next post of this series, “So Little Time.”

Click Me for the first post in this series, “Iquique by Sea I.”

References

Websites

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works World Heritage page

The Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works site (Chile), removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger/

Copyright 2020 Michael Stephen Wills All Rights Reserved

Weights and Measures

*At each nitrate works there shall be a balance and a bar placed outdoors alongside the company store to compare weights and measures.”

Quoted above is a demand of the workers in the 1907 “18 Pence Strike.” This name referrs to the amount of a wage for a particular mining workers.

Another demand was *While the tokens are being abolished and pay is starting to be given in legal tender, each oficina, its Manager representing it and pledging compliance, shall agree to accept tokens from every other oficina on a par with its own, paying a fine of 50,000 pesos for every refusal to do so.”

The organization of workers is one of the patrimonies from Humberstone and other Saltpeter Villages referred to by the World Heritage committee.

The “bar and balance” of the quoted demand is a scale. The balance scale, below, is from our day visiting Humberstone.

Click any photograph for a larger view and use Ctrl-x to zoom in closer.

Click Me for the first post in this series, “Iquique by Sea I.”

References

Wikipedia: “Santa María School massacre.”

Websites

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works World Heritage page

The Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works site (Chile), removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger/

Copyright 2020 Michael Stephen Wills All Rights Reserved

Humble and Worn

Handheld

Irreplaceable and well worn. Well worn for being irreplaceable by dint of access, distance and commonality.

Click any photograph for a larger view and use Ctrl-x to zoom in closer.

Click Me for the first post in this series, “Iquique by Sea I.”

References

Websites

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works World Heritage page

The Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works site (Chile), removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger/

Copyright 2020 Michael Stephen Wills All Rights Reserved

Quern Stone

Neolithic technology

Neolithic peoples are the first known to use stones such as this to grind seed and grain into flower. The lower, stationary, stone is a quern. A pitted grinding surface is a required quern characteristic and this one has that, I cannot see how a rounded, unstable bottom, is helpful. The upper, called a handstone, well polished from use.

Click any photograph for a larger view and use Ctrl-x to zoom in closer.

Click me for the next post in this series, “Humble and Worn.”

Click Me for the first post in this series, “Iquique by Sea I.”

References

Wikipedia: “quern” and “metate.”

Websites

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works World Heritage page

The Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works site (Chile), removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger/

Copyright 2020 Michael Stephen Wills All Rights Reserved